Pedagogical Implications of Artificial Intelligence during and post COVID 19 crisis in Pakistan

The coronavirus disease has created chaos around the world. The epidemic was first discovered in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. There are more than 1,000,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Pakistan and more than 20,000 confirmed deaths due to it. Institutions in Pakistan are all considering how to apply artificial intelligence to confront the threat of this current crisis. In this analytical report, our focus will be on the pedagogical implications of Artificial Intelligence during and post-COVID 19.

Implications of AI during and post COVID-19

Since the starting of the COVID-19 pandemic, the implementation of artificial intelligence has been greatly increased to facilitates the needs of teaching and learning in times of crisis. Experts are using artificial intelligence to fill in these gaps.

Healthcare Systems & Artificial Intelligence

Using machine learning technology doctors can easily learn to detect COVID-19 cases, since their tasks are mostly manual and time-consuming, especially when there is a spike in positive cases, artificial intelligence can be implemented to cover and replace the shortage of quality healthcare in Pakistan. According to a published report, many government and private organizations are offering breakthrough discoveries that can help to fight the COVID 19 pandemic.

# Data # AI Methods # Results
# 4,356 chest CT exams from 3,322 patients from 6 medical centers. # A 3D convolutional ResNet-50 [3], namelyCOVNet # Accuracy of 91.9%
# 618 samples: 219 from 110 COVID-19 patients, 224 samples from 224 patients with influenza-A viral pneu-monia, and 175 samples from healthy people # Location-attention network and ResNet-18[3] # Accuracy of 86.7%
# 5,941 chest radiography images across 4 classes (normal: 1,583, bacterial pneumonia: 2,786, non-COVID-19 viral pneumonia: 1,504, and COVID-19: 68) # Drop-weights basedBayesian CNNs # Accuracy of 89.92%

Shortage of Ventilators

According to a survey completed by the NFC, there are about 2000 ventilators available in Pakistan. This resource is expected to fall short, and hence National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has announced that they are doing to procure more than 10,000 ventilators. With the need for ventilators, we also need experts to function these advanced instruments properly. This gap can be managed with the use of artificial intelligence, along with the help of experts.

Education Sector

Pakistan is forced to close all its educational institutes, expecting them to rely on online learning. The aim of this enforcement is a logical solution for social distancing, but a prolonged closure tends to have a negative effect on students. According to a report published by Market Research Future, machine learning can play a vital role in natural learning and assisting students in the learning process while being at home. Artificial intelligence can also be used in helping instructors in grading. There has been globally a 33% increase in the budget for education during COVID-19.